RSDL removes or neutralizes chemical warfare agents and T2 Toxin from the skin, and is deployed to militaries around the world.

Frequently Asked Questions

Please direct any additional questions to Emergent BioSolutions.

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productinquiries@ebsi.com

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What is the RSDL Kit intended to do?

The RSDL Kit is intended to remove or neutralize chemical warfare agents (CWAs) and T-2 Toxin from the skin.

Against which chemical warfare agents is the RSDL Kit effective?

The RSDL Kit removes or neutralizes the following chemical warfare agents from the skin: tabun, sarin, soman, cyclohexyl sarin, VR, VX, mustard gas and T-2 toxin.

What is the RSDL Kit?

The RSDL Kit consists of a sponge impregnated with a lotion in an impermeable packet.  The RSDL Kit contains Dekon 139 and a small amount of 2,3 butanedione monoxime (DAM).

What is the surface area coverage for the RSDL Kit?

The volume of the RSDL Kit within each of the 42mL green packet format is enough to decontaminate the average equivalent of the forearms, hands, neck, face, and inside surface of the respirator.

The volume of the RSDL Kit within each of the 21mL green packet format is enough to decontaminate the average equivalent of the, hands, neck, face, and inside surface of the respirator, if you’re wearing one.

How does the RSDL Kit work?

Decontamination occurs by physical removal of the chemical warfare agent from the skin or by chemical neutralization. The lotion-impregnated sponge removes the agent from the skin and neutralization occurs in the sponge.

The chemical neutralization occurs by a reaction mechanism known as nucleophilic substitution.

The reactions occurring between the lotion and various chemical warfare agents have been widely studied both in vitro and in vivo, providing data to demonstrate that the resulting reaction products can be rinsed off when operational conditions permit.

Are there other products that have been cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a skin decontaminant of chemical warfare agents that can remove or neutralize?

The RSDL Kit is the only decontaminant that removes or neutralizes chemical warfare agents, including tabun, sarin, soman, cyclohexyl sarin, VR, VX, mustard gas and T-2 toxin, from the skin in a single step.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION that you should be aware of is:

RSDL is for external use only.
Use only if chemical warfare agent exposure is suspected.

The RSDL Kit has a CAUTION statement: Use only as directed. Not for use prior to exposure (i.e., prophylactic use) or whole-body decontamination.  Allow RSDL to remain on the skin for at least two minutes. An RSDL ingredient is absorbed through the skin and may cause adverse effects. Avoid leaving on skin for long periods. Avoid contact with the eyes.  Remove RSDL when conditions permit.

The RSDL Kit also has a WARNING: Fire Hazard. Combustion may occur upon contact with strong oxidizing chemicals (e.g. dry chlorine products like, HTH [calcium hypochlorite powder], super tropical bleach). Do not discard used RSDL components into strong oxidizing chemicals or their containers.

What is the difference between the Training Lotion and the real RSDL Kit?

The RSDL Kit, used in operational scenarios, contains a sponge impregnated with the chemically active neutralizing lotion that removes or neutralizes chemical warfare agents. The Training Lotion is a non-active product that simulates the active the RSDL Kit. It contains a sponge impregnated with training lotion with the same viscosity, color and feel and slip of the RSDL Kit lotion; this allows for realistic training at lesser cost.

 

How well does the Training Lotion simulate the real RSDL Kit?

The Training Lotion (blue packet) was developed to have physical properties similar to the RSDL Kit and the packaging format is the same but in a different colored packet. The Training Lotion packet is blue in color and allows for training at a lesser cost and without using an active ingredient.

Training Lotion will NOT neutralize any chemical warfare agents.

What is the shelf life of the RSDL Kit?

The shelf life of an unopened packet of the RSDL Kit is 5 years from date of manufacture, when stored under recommended storage conditions. Expiration dating and storage recommendations are included on the packaging for the RSDL Kit. The RSDL Kit should be stored between 15°C and 30°C (59°F to 86°F) in the original container, protected from direct sunlight in a dry, cool and well-ventilated area, away from incompatible materials and food and drink. Combustion may occur upon contact with strong oxidizing chemicals (e.g. dry chlorine products like, HTH [calcium hypochlorite powder], super tropical bleach). Do not discard used the RSDL Kit components into strong oxidizing chemicals or their containers.

Are there materials that are incompatible with the RSDL Kit?

The RSDL Kit has a WARNING: Fire Hazard. Combustion may occur upon contact with strong oxidizing chemicals (e.g. dry chlorine products like, HTH [calcium hypochlorite powder], super tropical bleach). Do not discard used RSDL components into strong oxidizing chemicals or their containers.

The RSDL Kit should not come into contact with SOLID concentrated High Test Hypochlorite (HTH) or Super Tropical Bleach (STB). This will cause a rapid reaction producing high heat and possibly flames and an explosion, a reaction much like mixing HTH with sunscreen, brake fluid, or many common organic solvents.

Please note that Super Tropical Bleach is not the same as household bleach products.

How should the RSDL Kit be stored?

The storage temperature for the RSDL Kit is between 15°C and 30°C (59°F to 86°F) in the original unopened container, protected from direct sunlight in a dry, cool and well-ventilated area, away from incompatible materials and food and drink.

The RSDL Kit has a WARNING: Fire Hazard. Combustion may occur upon contact with strong oxidizing chemicals (e.g. dry chlorine products like, HTH [calcium hypochlorite powder], super tropical bleach). Do not discard used RSDL components into strong oxidizing chemicals or their containers.

How do I use RSDL? Do you leave the lotion on and in place or wipe it off?

Use only as directed. Not for use prior to exposure (i.e., prophylactic use) or whole-body decontamination. Allow RSDL to remain on the skin for at least two minutes.  An RSDL ingredient is absorbed through the skin and may cause adverse effects. Avoid leaving on skin for long periods. Avoid contact with the eyes. Remove RSDL when conditions permit.

Is the RSDL Kit effective against pepper sprays or other chemical substances aside from CWAs? Also, has there been any FDA clearance approval for such use?

The RSDL Kit is intended to remove or neutralize chemical warfare agents and T-2 Toxin from the skin. The RSDL Kit has not been cleared in any jurisdiction for use on other chemical substances aside from chemical warfare agents.

Is there a waiting time required for the RSDL Kit to carry out its removal effect before we wash with water?

It is recommended that the RSDL be left on the exposed skin for a minimum of 2 minutes then remove when conditions permit. Soap and water can be used to remove the RSDL Kit when conditions permit.

How quickly does it take for the RSDL Kit to start working?

The RSDL Kit starts working within 2 minutes.*

However, use the RSDL Kit only if chemical warfare agent exposure is suspected.

Use only as directed. Not for use prior to exposure (i.e., prophylactic use) or whole-body decontamination. Allow RSDL to remain on the skin for at least two minutes. An RSDL ingredient is absorbed through the skin and may cause adverse effects. Avoid leaving on skin for long periods. Avoid contact with the eyes.  Remove RSDL when conditions permit.

*Based upon laboratory tests; clinical relevance unknown

Can I only use soap and water for the physical removal of chemical warfare agents from the skin?

Although soap and a large amount of water may be effective in physically removing CWAs, they do not neutralize CWAs.

Soap and water can increase dermal absorption of mustard agents and can result in contaminated runoff that can affect others.

Can the use of the RSDL Kit result in adverse reactions?

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION that you should be aware of is:

RSDL is for external use only.
Use only if chemical warfare agent exposure is suspected.

The RSDL Kit has a CAUTION statement: Use only as directed.  Not for use prior to exposure (i.e., prophylactic use) or whole-body decontamination.  Allow RSDL to remain on the skin for at least two minutes. An RSDL ingredient is absorbed through the skin and may cause adverse effects. Avoid leaving on skin for long periods. Avoid contact with the eyes.  Remove RSDL when conditions permit.

The RSDL Kit also has a WARNING: Fire Hazard. Combustion may occur upon contact with strong oxidizing chemicals (e.g. dry chlorine products like, HTH [calcium hypochlorite powder], super tropical bleach). Do not discard used RSDL components into strong oxidizing chemicals or their containers.